MENU SEARCH PDF NUSO ARTICLE NO. 10 / JANUARY - FEBRUARY 1974 The Gordian knot of the Chilean road to socialism Hugo Zemelmann The Gordian knot of the Chilean road to socialism Introduction This paper intends to order some judgments of global interpretation about the period between October 1972 and August 1973. The proximity of the events supposes an effort to capture the general meaning of the facts studied almost during their very occurrence. That is why it has been necessary to find a method that allows for the essential critical distancing so as not to confuse the order of thought with the order of processes. The procedure has consisted of reconstructing the period from defined moments according to the characteristics of the event or phenomenon that dominates each situation.
The social struggle has resulted in certain phenomena that characterize the entire period, but of which, during its course, it is possible to observe not only their intersection but Email Lists Database how sometimes one or the other predominates. For the same reason, these processes are key to reconstructing the period as well as to confer a meaning to the particular facts. We distinguish mainly the following: a) the development experienced by the division of the bourgeoisie, which is manifested in the political-party plurality with which it has expressed its class interests.
The transformation in the bases in which the class struggle takes place, which has resulted in the struggle between the powers of the State, at first, and later in the appearance of new forms of popular power. The analysis of the class struggle is richer in incorporated elements and more exact when it is the product of delving into conjunctures considered as temporary totalities, in each of which the analysis of the classes can be focused both on the interrelation of the processes that we have mentioned, as well as from the structures that serve as a vehicle for the expression of their interests. Each conjuncture is not possible to specify in its limits of.